Mismanaged waste disposal is one of the causes of global pollution. To address this issue, many environmental groups push massive efforts to increase awareness about proper waste disposal. Aside from the traditional 3R management, new trends also arise. Some of these are waste minimization, bio-medical waste segregation, and municipal solid waste disposal, among others.
As the global problem in waste disposal grows, many groups try to discover new ways of waste disposal. The technological advancements help these groups plan and implement what’s new to the field of garbage disposal. This article would discuss some of the technologies that could be used to improve waste disposal.
1. Route Efficiency Optimization
This technology automates the routing and scheduling system of waste collection. Waste removal companies are the primary users of this technology. They bank on app-based automation that makes the disposal fuel-efficient and time-bound. In addition, this prevents trash bins to be full before the scheduled date of disposal. This way, it limits the piling up of garbage for a long time.
Route efficiency optimization uses most of the following:
- logistics software
- in-vehicle monitors
- mobile apps
2. Circular Economies
The principle of a circular economy is to make the most of every product and not waste anything. While this isn’t completely new, this technology focuses on the more organized way of using, recycling, and reusing waste.
One example of this concept is the attempt of manufacturers to design electrical devices that are easy to repair. This way, there’s a reduced possibility that the products will end up as non-reusable waste. Another example is the re-processing of plastic waste into pellets that are the primary ingredients of plastic bottles.
3. Landfill Modernization
Landfills are often the places where most waste materials go. Today, modern landfills may use biocovers—mechanically treated compost—to provide a layer between the landfill and its surroundings. They also use bioreaction technology that uses liquids to help bacteria increase waste breakdown.
In addition, municipal landfill systems make use of solar panels with a geomembrane. These methods prevent carbon from going out of the concentrated potions of the landfills. Collectively, these methods reduce the release of hazardous gases such as methane. In addition, waste is turned into compost quickly.
4. Collection And Disposal Technology
Some of the features of modern waste collection and disposal practices use data sent by sensors and apps to guide the collection and disposal of garbage. These give the information whether waste bins are full and disposal is already necessary.
The following are the technologies used in gathering data, which could have more roles in waste management for the years to come:
- Ultrasonic trash sensor: Sends information when the trash bin is already full
- Solar-powered trash compactor: Monitors the bin’s waste level and prompts automatic compaction when a particular level is reached. This prevents trash bins from being full.
- Cash junk technology: With this, the seller receives an amount in exchange for the electronic waste devices.
- Waste management apps: Some apps focus on the elimination of using paper and other materials at one’s work or home. Others give ideas about proper waste management practices.
5. Waste Recycling Through Chemical Treatment
The use of chemicals in waste management has been instrumental in breaking down wastes. This primarily focuses on the use of non-recyclable waste materials to generate electricity or heat. Many waste management groups only implement this practice when all the other options have already been used and proven to be less effective. Yet, newer research studies provide discoveries on this matter.
Typically, this method starts with sorting, transporting, and storing. Then, the waste materials could undergo thermo-chemical or biochemical treatments. While these processes help in waste management, they also help in reducing carbon emissions because of waste-to-energy conversion.
Some of the chemical-based treatment methods are the following:
- ion exchange
- oxidation and reduction
- high-temperature incineration
More often than not, the environment and technology go in opposite ways. When advancements happen, the environment usually receives a heavy blow. The promising technologies for better waste management change this thinking. The wide array of modern waste disposal practices could help in addressing waste management issues around the globe.
If you want to support this cause, you may start assessing how you dispose of your waste at home. You could begin improving your waste management through automation. Think about the insights you’ve got in this article. You could draw ideas from them as you try improving your waste collection, sorting, and disposal. All these contribute to the betterment of your environment.