With more and more businesses relying on technology to conduct their operations, organizations must have a comprehensive understanding of the various types of cyber threats they may face. From malicious code inserted into emails to phishing attacks targeting customer data, there are countless ways in which hackers can wreak havoc on an organization’s IT infrastructure.
Fortunately, there are also several different types of cybersecurity measures that companies can employ to protect themselves from these kinds of threats.
By taking steps to properly implement each one of the next cybersecurity types within their respective environments, organizations can significantly reduce their risk profile and ensure that their information remains safe from malicious actors.
Also known as “endpoint protection”, this type of cybersecurity focuses on protecting an organization’s physical devices and their associated data from malicious attacks. This is often accomplished through the use of firewalls and antivirus software that are installed onto computers and other IT assets such as mobile phones and tablets.
Endpoint security also involves regular monitoring of these devices to ensure that any malicious activity is detected and addressed as soon as possible. According to Vistrada, businesses can access Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) to help them develop and maintain their endpoint security strategies. However, make sure that the agency makes personalized recommendations based on each organization’s specific needs and security requirements.
Application security focuses on ensuring that applications and software programs do not contain any vulnerabilities or weaknesses that could be exploited by hackers. This type of cybersecurity measure may include the use of code reviews, static analysis, and penetration testing to identify any potential flaws in software programs.
Additionally, organizations can use application security management tools to monitor applications for malicious code or suspicious behavior. For instance, a company may use an application security management tool to detect any unauthorized access into the system or detect any malicious activities that are being carried out on the software.
This type of security measure can help organizations identify and address potential issues quickly before they become serious threats.
As more businesses are relying on cloud-based services, they must have an effective cybersecurity strategy in place to protect their data from cyber threats. Cloud security involves the use of software and technologies to protect cloud-based services from malicious actors and may include monitoring cloud usage, encrypting data stored in the cloud, and deploying firewalls to restrict access to resources.
Additionally, organizations can use user authentication processes such as multi-factor authentication and biometric authentication to ensure that only authorized users can access the cloud. By taking steps to properly secure their cloud-based services, organizations can ensure that their data remains safe and secure.
Network security is a type of cybersecurity measure that focuses on protecting an organization’s networks from threats such as malware, viruses, and other malicious actors. This type of cybersecurity measure typically includes the use of firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and antivirus software to detect any potential threats.
Additionally, organizations can deploy network monitoring tools to ensure that their networks remain secure at all times—they may use network monitoring software to detect any suspicious activity on their networks, such as unauthorized access or data leakage.
Data security is a type of cybersecurity measure that focuses on protecting an organization’s data from threats. This type of measure typically includes the implementation of technologies and processes that ensure that all sensitive information remains secure. It may include the use of encryption, access control, and data loss prevention systems.
For instance, a business may use encryption to ensure that all data is protected from unauthorized access and data loss prevention systems to detect any attempts at stealing sensitive information.
Additionally, organizations can use access control measures such as multi-factor authentication or biometric authentication to ensure that only authorized users have access to sensitive data.
Identity and Access Management
Finally, identity and access management (IAM) is a type of cybersecurity policy that focuses on controlling who has access to an organization’s data and resources. This typically includes the use of processes such as user authentication, authorization, and access control to ensure that only authorized users have access to sensitive information. What allows organizations to enforce this policy is the identity governance and administration solution.
Additionally, IAM may include the implementation of technologies such as single sign-on (SSO) and multi-factor authentication to simplify the process of authenticating users and granting access to resources. By taking steps to properly manage user identities and access, organizations can ensure that only authorized personnel have access to the data they need.
As you can see, many types of cyber security measures can be implemented to protect an organization’s data and resources from malicious actors. These include application security management tools, cloud security solutions, network security protocols, data encryption methods, identity and access management systems, and more.
By taking the necessary steps to ensure their networks remain secure at all times with these various cybersecurity measures in place, organizations can help reduce the risk of a successful attack on their digital assets.
If you’d like to dive even deeper into the world of cyber security, it’s a good idea to find cyber security courses online and take one that you think is best for you.